Blockchain and IoT Strategy
The work of this section builds upon the results of Working Package No. 3 – Digital Auditing. The focus is laid on 2 specific streams within the digitalisation trends and technologies – 1) upgrade of ports and their infrastructure (terminals) in safety and security – the Blockchain technology; 2) upgrade of ports and their infrastructure in digitalisation – Internet of Things (IoT) technologies for better transport, environmental and economic performance. Yet, the application is new for the ports, and, first, measures are needed to adopt these technologies to the SB region.
We concentrate only on the following aspects: a) improvement of cargo flows; b) environmental, and c) economic efficiency. The parameters or aspects cover refer to reduction of parking-related transport in port terminals; reduction of delays; shorter travel times; multimodal transport information; managing terminal space demand; environmental compliance (dynamic traffic control; LED signal heads; shorter travel times; les congestion); cost reduction; availability and reliability; financial business concepts; client attraction (e.g. from core ports) and branding.
Digitalisation challenges for small ports are not only brought by infrastructural or IT capacity problems, it is also challenge by constant technological development and globalisation of IT solutions. Such technological platforms as Blockchain and IoT, are expanding in to different aspects of our daily life. Yet, their role for transport and ports is at the grassroots level.
To apply the Blockchain skills for a small port project, the following is done:
1) Developing skills database on Blockchain and IoT by means of 5 transport forums (in line with match making, roadshows and study visits).
2) Implementing Blockchain and IoT pilots in Klaipeda Port.
3) Upgrading and transferring skills to port and maritime IT personnel with training programmes and training sessions implemented.
Working Package Outcomes:
Development of State-of-the -Art on Blockchain Technologies in Ports and Terminals Report
Globalization and increasing demands for maritime shipping has had a dramatic influence on port and terminal around the world as ports are not only handling cargo, but information. Major ports, i.e., Port of Rotterdam and Port of Singapore, have redefined the sea freight logistics through the adoption of various emerging technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Cloud Computing and Internet of Things, etc. Due to various reasons, such as lack of resources, small and medium size ports (e.g. ports in the South Baltic Region) have a challenge in adopting technologies, such as those used by the larger ports. As part of a deliverable assigned by the Connect2Small PortsProject, an EU financed project, the emphasis of this report is to study and understand the components that hinder or promote the success in the application of Blockchain technology solutions for ports and terminals. The scope of this study is specifically on Blockchain and on small and medium size ports in the South Baltic Sea Region. The results, which are based on analysis on a literature review, questionnaires and field studies, highlight the advantages and obstacles for adoption of Blockchain. Finally, a SWOT analysis, value creation is identified; and best practices are identified on what are the “do’s and don’ts”.
The authors have strived to present the most accurate data and information in this report by taking ethical research considerations during the research and in the publishing
Activity 4.4 – 4.5: Development of IoT Training Programme
Gained knowledge from the project outcomes, experiences exchanges with stakeholders and research of latest publications in the field lead to specific contents for training programs. It was developed together with external experts for tailor-made training sessions organized by the project consortium. Five physical training events are planned to implement – one in each project country, namely Klaipeda, Gdansk, Malmö, Wismar and an open place to be chosen in coordination with Associated Partners in Denmark.
The first training in Klaipeda was successfully implemented on 6th of February 2020 – read more. However, due to CORONA crisis, the project consortium decided to change the action plan and transfer the training content to an online platform including a live training event. In addition, an online course for interested stakeholders is under development to have a long-living and sustainable platform available on project website which will be regularly updated by the consortium with new content and videos.
The online event is planned for Summer 2020. Meanwhile, the project consortium is cooperating with the SECMAR project to host a joint event and reach a higher number of stakeholders. Since the partnership was able to acquire speakers and presenters from all over the world, decision was made to provide a hybrid event of live presentations and pre-recorded materials to initiate discussion with the attendees.